The Nobel Prize has been awarded to Serge Haroche, from the Collège de France and the École Normale Supérieure, and David Wineland, from the University of Colorado and also the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). While technically the award is to honor research into the strange effects between light and matter, the quantum effects observed have implications for quantum computing and ultimately security.
According to the New York Times "Such techniques are crucial for the dream of quantum computers, which manipulate so-called qubits that are 1 and 0 simultaneously to solve some problems like factoring gigantic numbers to break codes beyond the capacity of ordinary computers. Such computers depend on the ability to isolate their “qubits” from the environment to preserve their magical computing powers, but at the same time there must be a way to measure the qubits to read out their answer."Read More >